oakville massage newsletter


In This Issue:

Knee Pain & Osteoarthritis
Leg Cramps & How to Prevent Them!

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September 2017

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Knee Pain & Osteoarthritis

Dr. Caren Fortin, BHK, DC
Doctor of Chiropractic

Dr Caren Fortin DCKnee pain can make people feel like they are afraid to move. One of the diagnoses given to more and more people with knee pain, especially in a world with an aging population, is osteoarthritis. The definition of osteoarthritis is: a chronic disorder associated with damage to the cartilage and surrounding tissues characterized by pain, stiffness and loss of function.

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most prevalent joint disease in the United States and other developed nations and it is a leading source of chronic pain and disability.

The causes of OA are poorly understood. Obesity, aging and a decrease in activity are thought to contribute significantly. However, new research is opening our eyes. In a study published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) in July 2017, contemporary and historic skeletons were studied. We know that OA has always existed but what we don’t know is if the prevalence of it has changed over the years. Skeletons from the early industrial era (19th to early 20th century) were compared to the modern post-industrial era (late 20th to early 21st century). Fascinating results came out of this study. Drumroll……

  1. knee painThe prevalence of knee OA was markedly higher among the post-industrial era with females being more affected…by almost double!
  2. Amongst post-industrial samples, 42% had both knees affected.

Although the study had some limitations, the discussion of the results strongly suggest that some of the reasons for the increase in OA has to do with our food intake, our food choices and our lack of activity.

So…what do we take away from this? Activity, exercise and moving our bodies are extremely important! Get on your feet and get moving!

The link to the study above: www.pnas.org/content/early/2017/08/08/1703856114.full.pdf


If you would like to know more about how chiropractic treatment can help you, call us to book a free 10-minute consult, where one of our chiropractors will answer your questions before you commit to an initial visit. Call us at 905.465.4595 to book.

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Leg Cramps & How to Prevent Them!

Kristine Haemel, RMT
Registered Massage Therapist

Kristine Haemel RMTHave you ever woken up in the middle of the night due to a severe leg cramp? Well, I have and it's not a great experience. They are commonly referred to as "Nocturnal leg cramps."

A few of the reasons we experience these cramps, specifically at night, is due to the fact that our bodies are inactive for several hours. We then wake up in the middle of the night with severe pain for several seconds, or even several minutes, which can feel like an eternity. After the cramp has diminished, you may experience muscle soreness for the rest of the night or even into the next morning.

Calf cramps are the most common type of cramp that we experience. But cramps can also be experienced within the thighs and feet.

The actual cause of these cramps is unknown but contributing factors include:

  • Sitting for an extended period of time
  • Standing or working on concrete floors
  • Sitting awkwardly
  • Overworking the muscle where the cramp presents itself
  • Dehydration
  • Structure of your feet (flat foot)
  • Pregnancy

What do we do when this pain arises? There are a few different methods to try. First, try sitting on the floor and extending your feet out in front of you, then flexing your toes towards your nose. This allows the muscles to stretch. Second, get up slowly, walk around the room and shake out your legs to increase the blood flow to the tight area. Third, gently massage the area of pain in a circular motion.calf stretch

Some preventative measures can be implemented if you are suffering from cramps:

  • If it is due to dehydration, make sure you are well hydrated throughout the entire day
  • Use a foam roller to help with circulation/blood flow and to relax your leg muscles 
  • Take a hot bath or shower before bed to decrease muscle tightness. If this is not available, use a heating pad or cream will also help
  • Choose the proper footwear when working (avoid high heels or flat-footed soles)
  • Light stretching before bed. Here is an example (to the right) of a gastrocnemius (calf) stretch. Hold this position for at least 30 seconds, doing 2-3 sets bilaterally.


Please call us at 905.465.4595 for more information and to book your appointment.

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